July 21, 2014

AMMAN, JORDAN – The patriarch of the Chaldean Catholic Church in Baghdad called the current situation in his country "perhaps the darkest and most difficult period in (the Church's) recent history."

In a telephone interview with Catholic News Service July 7, Chaldean Patriarch Louis Sako said the city of Mosul "is almost empty of Christians."

"There are only about 200 (Christian) individuals that may be left there," he said. "The churches are closed. There was no Mass on Sunday. There are no priests."

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant militants reportedly have occupied both Mosul's Chaldean Catholic and Syriac Orthodox cathedrals, removing the crosses at the front of the buildings and replacing them with the Islamic state's black flag.

Patriarch Sako compared the current situation for the Church in his country to the biblical tale of when Jesus slept in the boat while the storm raged and his disciples were terrified, as recorded in the Gospel of St. Mark.

"Despite everything, we do not despair," he said. We are invited and pressed to awaken Christ, to take advantage of our faith and continue in a calm sea."

The patriarch also reiterated his appeal for the safe release of two nuns and three orphans believed kidnapped in Mosul, the first city to fall in June to militants of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.

He told CNS that there has been no word about the group's whereabouts or who may have abducted them, despite assurances of help from many quarters.


He urged the faithful to pray for the safe return of the group and for the future fate of all Christians in Iraq.

"I do believe, of course, that prayers can make miracles," he said.

The militants have overrun vast swathes of territory across five Iraqi provinces north and west of Baghdad.

It was not clear, he said, whether the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant was involved in the abductions. "We don't have exact details. The situation is very confusing. Nobody knows."

The group went missing around the time the militants shelled Christian villages outside of Mosul, including Qaraqosh, forcing more than 40,000 Christians to flee in terror, many with just the clothes on their backs.

The majority of Qaraqosh's 40,000 inhabitants are Syriac Catholics.

The two sisters were responsible for managing an orphanage in a Christian neighbourhood in Mosul.

"We are asking for their release because they are innocent," Patriarch Sako said. "They have nothing to do with the policy or the situation taking place in Iraq. They (nuns) are innocent people helping people, doing good things for everybody: Christians and Muslims." .

"We lived together side-by-side (with Muslims) for 14 centuries," the patriarch continued. "We still want to communicate and live together."

But Iraq's Christian community dwindled in the years following the U.S.-led invasion. Iraq's Christian community was estimated at 800,000 to 1.2 million people before the 2003 war, but the current Christian population is thought to be less than half that number.

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