Last Updated: Friday - 09/24/2010
May 4, 2009
Benedict apologizes for Catholic role in Indian residential schools
Fontaine pleased pope apologized for abuses schools inflicted on his people
CNS PHOTO | EMANUELA DE MEO,
CATHOLIC PRESS PHOTO
Phil Fontaine, leader of the Assembly of First Nations, attends the general audience with Pope Benedict in St. Peter's Square at the Vatican April 29.
CATHOLIC NEWS SERVICE
VATICAN CITY - In a step toward reconciling a longstanding historical injustice, Pope Benedict expressed his sorrow for the suffering of Canadian aboriginal children over decades in Church-run residential schools.
The pope met at the Vatican April 29 with a delegation of native Canadians representing those who had suffered forced acculturation and in some cases physical and sexual abuse at the government schools, many run by Catholics, and listened to their grievances.
He expressed his "sorrow at the anguish caused by the deplorable conduct of some members of the Church and offered his sympathy and prayerful solidarity," a Vatican statement said after the meeting.
"His Holiness emphasized that acts of abuse cannot be tolerated in society. He prayed that all those affected would experience healing, and he encouraged First Nations peoples to continue to move forward with renewed hope," the Vatican statement said.
Phil Fontaine, grand chief of the Assembly of First Nations of Canada and a former student of an Indian residential school, said group members "heard what we came for" and were "very happy" with the meeting and the response of Pope Benedict.
"We hoped to hear the Holy Father talk about the residential school experience, but also about abuses and hurts inflicted on so many and to acknowledge the role of the Catholic Church," Fontaine said in a news conference following the meeting.
"We wanted to hear him say that he understands and that he is sorry and that he feels our suffering, and we heard that very clearly."
Archbishop James Weisgerber of Winnipeg, president of the Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops, headed the group of clergy and lay Catholics who accompanied the aboriginal people.
Weisgerber said that in the private audience the pope "was very warm" and expressed "his regret, his sorrow and his pain at what happened to the aboriginal people" in some of the residential schools.
The pope also especially expressed "great regret for the involvement of people in the Church," he said.
Fontaine said the meeting with the pope brought him and others who suffered in the residential schools closer to "closing the circle" with regard to the painful legacy that saw thousands of children taken from their families and forced to abandon their language, customs and religion.
Archbishop Gerard Pettipas of Grouard-McLennan, who has headed the Canadian bishops' efforts at reconciliation over the residential schools, told CTV's Canada AM that the meeting with the pope was an important moment.
Until today, the Church as a whole had never apologized for the abuse that aboriginal students suffered at the hands of Catholic missionary congregations, Pettipas said.
"There was a feeling that despite the apologies that were offered by the Oblates and some bishops, that the Catholic Church as a whole has not recognized the part that we played.
"As a gesture of reconciliation . . . it was important to hear from the one person who does speak for the Catholic Church around the world, to hear him say 'I am sorry. I feel for what you people have suffered. We hope that we can turn the page and move toward a better future together.'"
The Oblates of Mary Immaculate issued a wide-ranging and well-publicized apology at the 1991 Lac Ste. Anne Pilgrimage for their role in creating and running residential schools and for denigrating traditional native religion.
An estimated 100,000 aboriginal children passed through the schools. They were established and paid for by the Canadian government in the late 1800s, but were administered by various Church organizations. The last school closed in the early 1990s.
Some 75 per cent were run by Roman Catholic dioceses or religious communities, while the others were operated through the Anglican, United and Presbyterian churches.
The Canadian government made a formal apology last year and the other denominations have all apologized.
"We were looking for a similar apology from the Catholic Church," Fontaine said, "and I was a witness to that today."
Weisgerber has helped lead the Church's effort to address the tragedy of those who suffered, at the least, separation from their families and culture and, at worst, oppression, violence and sexual and psychological abuse.
The archbishop spoke of the "long and rich relationship between the Catholic Church in Canada and the First Nations." But he said, "People began coming forward with stories of physical and sexual abuse and of cultural abuse" in the Catholic schools.
The Church in Canada is committed to healing the wounds created by the experience and that "as Canadians we need many of the values of the people of the First Nations," he said.
Fontaine said, "We are here at the invitation of the pope."
He and the approximately 40 members of his delegation "didn't come here expecting . . . a major public statement. We heard what we came here to hear. . . . I will leave here very happy," he said.
Delia Opekokew, a Cree lawyer and a former student of an Indian residential school, said the pope told them he was "sorry for our anguish." She said he "used the words abuse and wrongs. And he went on to talk about reconciliation."
Opekokew said her mother, a devout Catholic who had attended a residential school, had sent her as well, convinced that it was the only way she would get an education.
Her mother, now 93, made the six pairs of traditionally tanned, hand-beaded moccasins that were part of a large package of gifts the Canadian aboriginals brought the pope.
Other gifts included a quill box, a silver cross decorated with turquoise, a multicoloured Pendleton blanket, and a Bible in a native language.
An eagle feather was the gift from Tobasonakwut Kinew, an elder who has worked as a healer with former residential school students who have suffered some sort of trauma.
The eagle feather, Fontaine said, "is the highest honour you can bestow on anyone from our community."
"The fact that the Holy Father accepted our gifts means that the Catholic Church and our community can come together to heal," Fontaine said.
The pope gave rosaries to all the members of the two delegations.
Kinew said they had brought with them an eagle staff, with some two dozen eagle feathers attached to a pole and a dream catcher at the top, and three engraved pipestone pipes and that Pope Benedict had blessed them.
"There is a lot of work still to be done," Kinew said. "But now that the pope has blessed our tools of medicine, there will be no impediments to working together to heal the wounds."