CNS PHOTO | PAUL JEFFREY
A missionary talks with villagers in a refugee camp in Southern Sudan.
Jesus was a refugee — a fact that should be remembered as societies deal with modern issues of emigration and immigration, Pope Benedict said.
"Migration today sometimes is voluntary and at other times, unfortunately, is forced by wars or persecution, often in dramatic conditions," the pope said Jan. 16.
From its very beginnings, the Church has taken an interest in these situations, he said.
"The parents of Jesus had to flee their own land and take refuge in Egypt, in order to save the life of their child: the Messiah, the son of God, was a refugee," he said.
Throughout the centuries, he said, Christian populations have at times suffered the necessity to leave their homelands.
On the other hand, the pope said, the voluntary migration of Christians through the ages has increased the Church's missionary dynamism and ensured that the witness of faith reaches new frontiers.