CNS | POOL VIA REUTERS
Pope Francis listens to a question from a journalist on his flight heading back to Rome July 28.
Pope Francis said he was responding to the clear wishes of the College of Cardinals when he set up commissions to study the Vatican bank, Vatican financial and administrative procedures and the reform of the Roman Curia.
The pope also said he knows people have spoken about some kind of "gay lobby" at the Vatican protecting certain priests by threatening to blackmail others. The pope said the "lobbying" is what is worrisome.
Pope Francis held his first news conference July 28, shortly after the Alitalia flight taking him back to Rome departed from Rio de Janeiro. He answered questions for 80 minutes. The questions were not submitted in advance and no topics were ruled out of bounds.
Asked about the Vatican bank, Pope Francis said he does not know what will become of the Institute for the Works of Religion, which is the formal name of the scandal-plagued bank. He has appointed an outside commission and is involved in discussions about how to organize it, "how to restore it, reformulate it."
But he also told journalists traveling with him that "transparency and honesty" were essential at the Vatican bank. While moral failures by clergy caused scandal and pain, people also needed to recognize that sometimes the media and the public go searching for scandal.
Referring to the institute by its Italian initials, IOR, the pope said, some have suggested it should become a real bank, others say it should be a "charitable fund, others say it should be closed.
"I don't know. I have confidence in the work of the people at IOR, who are working a lot, and in the commission," studying the bank and its role in the universal mission of the Church.
"Whatever it ends up being - whether a bank or a charitable fund - transparency and honesty are essential," he said.
As for the wider reform of the Roman Curia, Pope Francis said everything he has done so far flows from the concerns and suggestions raised by the College of Cardinals during the meetings they held before the conclave that elected Pope Francis in March.
The cardinals, he said, expressed "what they wanted of the new pope - they wanted a lot of things" - but a key part of it was that the Vatican central offices be more efficient and more clearly at the service of the universal Church.
"There are saints who work in the Curia - cardinals, bishops, priests, sisters, laity; I've met them," he said.
The media only writes about the sinners and the scandals, he said, but that's normal, because "a tree that falls makes more noise than a forest that grows."
The pope continued by talking about how many times in the Church "we go searching for the sins - of one's youth, for example - for publicity. I'm not talking about crimes here - the abuse of a minor is a crime - but of sins."
"But if a person, whether a layperson, priest or sister, goes to Confession and converts, the Lord forgives. And when the Lord forgives, he forgets. This is important," he said, because those who want the Lord to forget their sins should forget those of others.
"St. Peter committed one of the biggest sins ever - he denied Christ - and he made him pope," Pope Francis said.
Addressing the issue of the gay lobby, Pope Francis said it was important to "distinguish between a person who is gay and someone who makes a gay lobby," he said. "A gay lobby isn't good."
"A gay person who is seeking God, who is of good will - well, who am I to judge him?" the pope said.
"The Catechism of the Catholic Church explains this very well. It says one must not marginalize these persons, they must be integrated into society. The problem isn't this (homosexual) orientation - we must be like brothers and sisters.
"The problem is something else, the problem is lobbying either for this orientation or a political lobby or a Masonic lobby."